• Ensure soil is healthy, well conditioned with organic compost, and has adequate drainage (remember that plants get most of their nutrients from the soil)
  • Fertilize regularly in spring and fall with organic compost


  • Plan your garden so plants are put in areas where they naturally thrive (dry and sunny vs. wet and shady)


  • Plant in raised beds (It's good for the plants and good for your back!)


  • Use native plants that are already acclimatized, require low maintenance and have an in-bred resistance to local pests and diseases


  • Water deeply but infrequently to maintain strong root structure
  • Protect and attract native beneficial species (give them a place to live and a source of water — and they’ll do the rest)

Crop Rotation

  • Practise annual crop rotation for each type of vegetable (keeps patterns of disease or insect invasion in check)
© Image courtesy of Minette Layne